This page promotes existing key websites, material and networks within the country.  It is designed to improve knowledge sharing across the WASH sector.   If you have any information to add, on new or existing countries, please click on the link on the main countries page.  

Content on this page, with thanks to Ugyen Rinzin, SNV Nepal. 

Key Networks

Ugyen Rinzin, Project Leader, SNV - [email protected]

Key Materials

SNV Bhutan has shared a range of documents which are also available on:


Community Development for Health (CDH) Facilitation Manual for Sanitation and Hygiene demand creation (2012) SNV Bhutan

  • “This revised Community Development for Health (CDH) workshop facilitator’s guide has been developed as part of the Ministry of Health’s Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Programme (RSAHP) with technical support from SNV in Bhutan.  The two day revised CDH workshop is a participatory approach to create demand for improved sanitation and hygiene practices in rural communities and strengthen community ownership in the process. The revised approach has been successfully piloted and tested in twenty sub-districts since 2008 as part of the Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All Programme (SSH4A). It builds on the previous version by incorporating elements of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and hand washing promotion.”

Sanitation Supply Chain Guidelines (May 2014) by Danielle Pedi and SNV -

  • “The RSAHP Supply Chain Strengthening Guidelines was developed to provide key directions, steps and activities, roles and responsibilities of different actors, tips and tools for managing and implementation of the tasks on the ground by programme implementers, specifically PHED, Dzongkhag-level officials and health staff, and Gewog administrations.”

Training Manual for Toilet construction (2013) by SNV and the Royal Government of Bhutan

  • “The “Training Manual for Toilet Construction” was developed by Public Health Engineering Division (PHED), Ministry of Health (MoH) with technical assistance from SNV as part of the MoH’s Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Programme. The manual was developed with the objective to train the trainers such as District Engineers to train masons and carpenters at the village and sub-district level as part of the national scale up in 2013 in the construction of the three standardised toilet models promoted by the MoH. The manual was developed and tested in Pemagatshel District in 2012 as part of the Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All Programme.  In addition to building practical technical skills in constructing improved sanitation it also provides additional knowledge in sanitation marketing, operation and maintenance and gender strategies to support female masons.”

Handbook on Toilet Options for Households in Bhutan (2011) by SNV

Do It Yourself (DIY) technical one pager (2012) – by SNV and Ministry of Health 

  • ““Do It Yourself” (DIY) toilet options developed with the Ministry of Health as part of the Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All Programme in Bhutan in 2012.  These visual aids provide pictorial step by step instructions to support householders to construct or improve their sanitation facilities for each of the three base models promoted by the MoH– VIP, pour flush and eco-san.
  • The development of the DIY materials was one of the outcomes of the sanitation supply chain study which identified that the majority of householders currently invest and construct their own sanitation facilities – often without the use of masons - resulting in a wide variability in quality and standards.  By supporting this investment with easily understood information the intention is to improve the hygienic standard and designs, to support informed decision making by households and link the households to suppliers through sanitation marketing.”

Formative Research Study Report Behaviour Change Communication (2011) by NYCOM Consultants and SNV

  • “To inform the process of expanding the RSAHP programme to Pemagatshel District in 2011 this formative research has been undertaken to better understand the sanitation related behaviours of rural households. The research will assist the programme through providing a better understanding the motivating factors (and barriers) for achieving sustainable sanitation and hygiene behaviour for all. Specifically it is intended to inform evidence based behaviour change communication to improve and sustain the behaviours. The formative research will also inform activities undertaken as part of other programme components relating to sanitation demand creation, supply chain development and governance and social inclusion. A household survey to establish the baseline situation of Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Programme in Pemagatshel was conducted from 28th August to 5th September 2011 in Khar, Norbugang, Dungmin , Chimung and Yurung Gewog.”

CS WASH country summary report

Country Report: Bhutan (2013 to 2018)

CS WASH Fund grantee organisations