Environmental assessment and risk screening for rural water supply

This toolkit is designed to support environmental assessment and risk screening activities for rural water supplies in low-income and fragile contexts. It addresses the following questions regarding shallow groundwater sources (i.e. springs and wells) – both new and existing:

  • Is there enough water of suitable quality to meet demand across seasons for the long-term?
  • What are the main environmental risks to ensuring a sustainable supply of safe water?
  • How can these risks be mitigated?

The tool proposes four main steps to do this:

  1. Understand how much water is available by tapping local knowledge
  2. Determine how much groundwater is needed to meet demand, and how big the catchment (recharge) area of a well will need to be to provide this water
  3. Protect the sites and sources by identifying environmental hazards of, and measures for, site degradation and water supply contamination
  4. Maintain records of the assessment, design and implementation of groundwater projects, so as to inform similar, future projects.

The tool was developed by ODI, with support from Tearfund, for the Sustainable WASH in Fragile Contexts (SWIFT) consortium, providing water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services under the DFID WASH Results Programme funded by the UK Government.

Author/Organisation Publication Date Downloads Size Link Rating Download
Author / Organisation The SWIFT Consortium c/o Oxfam GB Publication Date Jul 2015 Downloads Size Link Rating
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