Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) - Nepal

SNV in Nepal

Project Description

The project supported progress in access to sustainable sanitation and hygiene by strengthening the professional and organisational capacity of local governments, civil society, and private sector to develop an inclusive service delivery model at scale in their district areas.   Supported by knowledge and learning processes, it integrated sanitation demand creation, supply chain development, behaviour change communication and governance strengthening, with a focus on affordable sanitation options and localised strategies for ensuring access for the potentially disadvantaged households.  As a result, the project contributed to the achievement of Open Defecation Free status of 5 out of 8 target districts and 51 VDCs, and access to sanitation and hand washing with soap for 255,000 and 320,000 additional people, respectively. 


The project also strengthened post-ODF support mechanisms by operationalising the total sanitation (TS) guidelines of the government that led to 26 communities being verified as “towards total sanitised” areas.  Based on these experiences and learnings, the project contributed to the updating of the national TS guidelines, supported the Mid-Western Region in defining its future, cross-sectoral strategies for sustainable WASH with all 15 districts of the region, and initiated a national multi-stakeholder process of developing a BCC strategy to underpin the national TS guidelines.

Project Location

The project location was within eight rural districts spanning the three eco-zones of the country and one peri-urban centre in Nepal.  This included building on the successes of a first phase and further developing activities in three remote mountain districts (Jumla, Kalikot, Dolpa) and expanding to three new hill districts (Rukum, Rolpa, Salyan) in the Mid-Western Region.  Furthermore, the project responded to the Government’s priority districts in the southern Terai belt which had a high percentage of population lagging behind in the national campaign on sanitation by adapting the approach to two new districts (Sarlahi and Mahotari) of the Terai. 

Project Posters

Download SNV's project poster presented at the Fund Learning and Reflection Event (FLARE) in August 2017 here.

Click here for SNV's project poster presented at the 2016 South Asia Learning and Reflection Event.


Project specifics

Location Duration (MM/YY) Working with Key approach Website
Location South and West Asia: Nepal Duration 01-05-2014 to 01-06-2018 Working with Government at all levels, WASH Coordination Committees Key approach Integrating sanitation demand creation, sanitation supply chains, behaviour change communication and governance. Website