Fund Learning and Reflection Event

The Fund Learning and Reflection Event (FLARE) was an internal learning event for CSOs in the CS WASH Fund. The event was held in Brisbane, Australia from 1-4 August 2017 with 128 representatives from the 29 projects implemented by 13 civil society organisations in Southern Africa, Southeast Asia, South Asia and the Pacific: Australian Red Cross (ARC), Habitat for Humanity (HfH), International Development Enterprises (iDE), International Rescue Committee (IRC), Live and Learn Environmental Education (L&L), Plan International, Save the Children Australia (SCA), Netherlands Development Organisation (SNV), Thrive Networks, United Purpose (formerly Concern), WaterAid, Welthungerhilfe (WHH) and World Vision (WV).

Overall theme

The FLARE was structured around priority WASH themes including, but not limited to:

  1. Gender and Social Inclusion (GESI)
  2. Hygiene and sanitation behaviour change
  3. Strengthening the enabling environment

These have been agreed as priority themes amongst CSOs and, with the addition of WASH markets, have provided the guiding framework for the Knowledge and Learning Advisory Group, CSO collaboration and for focusing Regional Learning Events (RLEs). As such, many of the topics above have been explored in some depth at Fund learning events already. For example, the Southern Africa RLE focused on strengthening the enabling environment with a particular focus on loca l government. The East Asia RLE focused on the intersection of public and private spheres for delivering sanitation, falling within the theme of WASH markets. The South Asia RLE explored SDG6 and safely managed sanitation in-depth. GESI and hygiene and sanitation behaviour change have been cross-cutting themes addressed at the Pacific RLE and all RLEs.


The FLARE was an opportunity to consolidate and build on this work, share recent project experiences and capture lessons for future initiatives. Innovation and Impact Grant Fund and Australian Development Research Awards findings also map to these themes and will be shared at the event.

Learning objectives of the FLARE include to:

  1. Facilitate knowledge exchange and peer-to-peer learning within the Fund;
  2. Capture and share project achievements and lessons and CSO approaches, and thus contribute to the evidence base that will be useful looking forward to future activities;
  3. Strengthen relationships and knowledge of CSOs and change agents to consolidate the sustainability of project outcomes; and
  4. Provide a forum facilitating knowledge exchange and learning with the wider WASH sector, including CSOs that cannot attend the event, and strengthen communities of practice within the Fund




DAY 1 - 1 August 2017

Official Welcome — DFAT Michael Wilson, Assistant Secretary, Governance, Fragility and Water Branch, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Setting the scene - SDG6 and WASH challenges into the future Mark Ellery, WASH Facilitator

Fund-wide M&E trends Dr Paul Crawford, Monitoring, Evaluation and Review Panel (MERP)

Knowledge and Learning in the CS WASH Fund: what do we know? Bronwyn Powell, Knowledge and Learning Manager, Fund Management Facility 

FLARE introduction and objectives Bronwyn Powell, Knowledge and Learning Manager, Fund Management Facility 

Context and Strategy Mapping & Change Agent Assessment Tool Paul Tyndale-Biscoe, MERP

Gender and WASH Prof Juliet Willetts, Research Director, Institute of Sustainable Futures University of Technology (ISF UTS)

An analysis of gender in the FundBruce Bailey, Team Leader, MERP

Parallel Session

1. Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning for Gender

1a. Monitoring strategic gender change: sharing findings, challenges and recommendationsNguyen Quy, Hoa, WASH Manager, Plan Vietnam and John Kelleher, Plan Australia

1b. Developing a Facilitators Guide on Gender: Moving towards gender transformative WASHGetrudis Noviana Mau, WaterAid Timor-Leste and Alvaro Antonio De Jesus 

1c. Engaging womens' voice in village decision makingIkram Khan, IRC Pakistan

2. Pro-poor targeting and financing

2a. Development of a simple and transparent poverty identification process to target sanitation for the poorest 40% of householdsKhouankeo Ardphasouk, Thrive Laos and Georgia Davis

2b. WASH Community Based Organisations success in advocating for a lower water connection feeClarence Sutharsan, World Vision Lanka

2c. Addressing challenges from the lack of social capital in peri-urban communitiesGregory Hulanga, Live and Learn, Solomon Islands

3. Strengthening womens' agency in the WASH enabling enviornment

3a. Gender in iDE's sanitation marketing approach: shifting the dialogue from women as beneficiaries to women as agents of changeAlicia May and Yi Wei, iDE Cambodia

3b. Mainstreaming gender for bigger social change, Anum Sarwar, K&L Coordinator, Plan International Pakistan

3c. Women's participation in WASH Committees and WASH activitiesTin Maung Win, WASH Program Manager, Save the Children, Myanmar and Kyaw Shwe, WASH Technical Advisor, Save the Children, Myanmar

3d. Gender impacts of implementing a large scale sanitation program through the Vietnam Women's UnionTara Hill, Thrive Vietnam

DAY 2 - 2 August 2017

Workshop to collect feedback on CS WASH Fund lessons and management, Melita Grant, Research Principal, ISF UTS

Disability and Inclusive WASH Fund-wide data and trendsBronwyn Powell, Knowledge and Learning Manager, Fund Management Facility, and Tarryn Brown, CBM Australia

Parallel Session

4. Disability inclusive WASH: Research and innovation 

4a. Accessibility audit checklist for public latrinesTarryn Brown, CBM, CBM Australia in partnership with World Vision 

4b. Formative Research on Infant Faces Management, ‘A learning from communities for Hygiene Behavior Change”Iva Koroisamanunu, Live and Learn Vanuatu

4c. Modular construction design for disability-adapted latrine sheltersAlicia May, iDE Cambodia

4d. Influence of formative research on disability on inclusive WASH approachesUgyen Rinzin, SNV Bhutan SSH4A Programme Leader, SNV Bhutan

5. Partnerships and approaches for disability inclusive WASH

5a. GESI champions and changing mindsetsCharity Mvere, World Vision Zimbabwe

5b. Social Inclusion - Sanitation for All: Dialogue CirclesThoko Kaitane and Chimwewme Kapichi, Plan Malawi

5c. Raising awareness on inclusion through working with Disabled Persons OrganisationsSonia Yeung, World Vision Papua New Guinea

5d. Strengthen inclusion through partnering with Disabled Persons OrganisationJeyald Antony, World Vision Sri Lanka

6. Program approaches for targeted support to vulnerable groups

6a. WASH interventions impacts on child marriageGodfrey Bongomin, Red Cross Lesotho

6b. Albinos safety and access to safe waterMasauko Mthunzi, United Purpose Malawi

6c. Comparative study on approaches to reaching the 'last mile' in sanitation accessGabrielle Halcrow, SNV Regional Coordinator SSH4A Asia, SNV and ISF UTS

DAY 3 - 3 August 2017

Hygiene Behaviour Change and Fund-wide data and trendsMark Ellery and Bruce Bailey

Parallel Session

7. Strengthening the enabling environment for sustained behaviour change

7a. Strengthening both government and private sector for market-based sanitation in Vietnam, Quang Nguyen, iDE Vietnam

7b. Partnership with sub-national government to implement Community Led Total Sanitation (STBM) in NTT Province, IndonesiaSilvia Devina (WASH Advisor, Plan Indonesia), Plan Indonesia

7c. Limitations of sanctions in achieving and maintaining ODFRatan bahadur Budhathoki, SNV Programme Leader for SSH4A, SNV Nepal

7d. WASH Wizards approachSylivia Shekede, Welthungerhilfe Zimbabwe

8. Sustaining hygiene and sanitation behavoiurs 

8a. Aspirations in place of disgust - changing focus of hygiene promotion approachIva Koroisamanunu, Live and Learn Vanuatu

8b. Developing Behaviour Change Communications for different stages of sanitation progressNadira Khawaja, SNV Nepal WASH Sector Leader, SNV Nepal

8c. Integrating nurture and disgust as motivators for hygiene behaviour change (I&I Grant) within a mainstream govt programmeMr Rinchen Wangdi, Chief Engineer, PHED, SNV and Ministry of Health, Bhutan

9. Menstrual Hygiene Management 

9a. MHM in the communityAmar Poudel, ARC Nepal

9b. MHM in school-based hygiene promotionGregory Hulanga, Live and Learn Solomon Islands

9c. Developing communications to "Break the Silence" in MHMThinley Dem, SNV Bhutan WASH Advisor, SNV Bhutan

Plenary: Innovation Grants Panel discussion

Mobile-sludging unit business developmentHumphrey Mapuranga and Mark Harper, WHH Zimbabwe

Smart subsidy for sanitaiton accessChris Nicoletti, iDE Cambodia

RapidWASH tool for improving service levelsTim Davis, WaterAid Australia 

Nurture and disgust as motivators for hygiene behaviour change in BhutanThinley Dem, SNV Bhutan

Strengthening gender in WASHLee Leong, Senior Advisor, WASH, Plan Australia and John Kelleher, Senior Program Manager, WASH, Plan Australia

Parallel Session

10. Disaster risk reducation/ climate change/ water scarcity

10a. Impact of flood and response to sustainable sanitation in Malawi, Chimwemwe Kapitchi, Project M&E Officer, Plan Malawi 

10b. Cyclone Pam responsePakoa Rarua, Environmental Health Officer, Public Health Directorate, Ministry of Health working with Live and Learn Vanuatu

10c. Water security and drought response in JaffnaJeyald Rasaratnam, World Vision Sri Lanka

11. WASH Markets 

11a. Smart subsidies for pro-poor sanitation marketingChris Nicoletti and Alicia May, iDE Cambodia

11b. Sanitation marketing through loans with Community Based OrganisationsAbul Bashar, Habitat for Humanity Bangladesh

11c. OBA and SanMark study findingsHanh Nguyen and Tara Hill, Thrive Vietnam and Cambodia

11d. Sanitation marketing vis a vis the WASH supply chainMuhammad Hasnain Shah (PATS Project Manager, Plan International Pakistan), Plan Pakistan

12. WASH in Schools 

12a. Bottleneck Analysis as a tool for WASH improvements in schoolsKolosa Matebalavu,Live and Learn Fiji

12b. Hygiene promotion approaches in schoolsMd. Keramot Ali, ARC Bangladesh

12c. WASH in Schools: Art for AdvocacyChristopher Gai, Live and Learn Papua New Guinea

12d. Piloting nudge approaches in Vietnamese schoolsGeorgia Davis, Thrive Vietnam

DAY 4 - 4 August 2017

Strengthening the Enabling Environment - Fund-wide data and trends, Dr Paul Crawford, MERP

Parallel Session

13. Mobilising resources

13a. Budget Advocacy for sanitation and hygiene promotion in NTT Province, IndonesiaHerie Ferdian, BCC and KM Supervisor, Plan Indonesia

13b. Mobilising resources for OBA and Phase-In-Phase-OutKim Hor, Thrive Cambodia and Georgia Davis, Thrive Vietnam

13c. Building a successful sludge enterprise in Norton, Zimbabwe, Mark Harper, Welthungerhilfe Zimbabwe

13d. Enhanced WASH Information Management SystemsErica Keogh, Welthungerhilfe Zimbabwe, Tafadzwa Shumba

14. Building on local strengths and limitations

14a.Mobilising traditional leaders for community sanitation and hygieneThoko Kaitane, National WASH Program Manager, Plan Malawi

14b. Adjusting approach for government engagement in a challenging contextGeorge Nakel, World Vision PNG

14c. Balancing engagement and support across National and Sub-National Government, Takale Tuna and Eileen Tugum, WaterAid PNG

14d. Action Research in project decision-makingDiana Gonzalez Botero, Live and Learn Solomon Islands Sam Blondel

15. Approaches to motivate and incentivise and influence at scale

15a. Experiences of urban ODF programming: Case of SELF Project in ZimbabweBarnabas J Muhoma, Welthungerhilfe Zimbabwe

15b. Cross-sectoral local government project oversightSaid Rehman (Rural Development Department, KP) and Ikram Khan (IRC Pakistan), International Rescue Committee Pakistan

15c. Building capacity of municipal governmentJaime Mafroze and Josue Tambara, WaterAid Mozambique

15d. Scaling up Punjab Approach to Total SanitationMuhammad Asim Saleem, (National Program Manager), Plan Pakistan

Organisation Duration Location Type Link Topic
Organisation Duration 01/08 - 04/08 Location Brisbane, QLD Type Link Topic


Anonymous's picture
I am very much interested to attend the meeting so please send me more information.
Bronwyn Powell's picture
Hello Padam. Thank you for your interest in the Fund Learning and Reflection Event. This is an internal event for the CS WASH Fund - if you are working with one of the 29 projects then please liaise to arrange attendance. The event is not open to the broader public as it is an opportunity for those within the Fund to reflect on their experiences.
Anonymous's picture
There is no doubt that FLARE as empowered NPCODA to carry out the concept of disability inclusion in WASH facilities strongly. Especially disability inclusion learning from Bhutan & Cambodia are really helpful for us. NPCODA has decided to apply the following learning on priority base,
1. Addressing challenges from the lack of social capital in peri - urban communities.
These challenges are same in SriLanka. But mitigations and strategies taken by Solomon Islands are really good learning to adopt into our services.
2. Disability Inclusive WASH: Research and Innovation.
As NPCODA is an Umbrella of DPOs this topic and learning from the session are very important for us. I am now reviewing entire session to capture more and more points.
3. Menstrual Hygiene Management.
This is absolutely new sector in which NPCODA has not paid its attention at all so far. We have decided to work hard in this issue. a dialogue has been planned with World Vision Lanka.
4. Impact of flood and response to sustainable sanitation.
Interesting session. We have learned the importance of the contingency plan or disaster management plan in WASH sector. NPCODA will encourage WASH agencies including WVL to follow this learning.
5. Hygiene Behaviour Change.
This is also another useful topic. Especially we could practice this learning in SriLanka where hygiene behaviours are very poor in rural areas.
Bronwyn Powell's picture
Hello Mr Subramaniam. Thank you for your comments - it is great to know the specific areas in menstrual hygiene management, disaster management and peri-urban WASH that you particularly gained information valuable for NPCODA. Thank you for your contributions to the program - it was wonderful to hear your perspective for disabled persons organisations partnering with other CSOs for WASH in Sri Lanka.
Mukesh_Singh's picture
It was a wonderful event and well organized. The 4 intense days were very energising and interactive, where I was so pleased to hear from many CSOs on different issues. Bronwyn and Mark you did a fantastic facilitation and never allowed us to feel tired or bored. There are number of learning that I would wish to apply and practice including further networking with some of the CSOs and getting additional info and/or technical distance support to move forward. We need to sit together as a team and explore how we can move ahead. Few things that I really liked and want to further explore are; 1) Change agent assessment tools, 2)MHM researches by SNV Bhutan, 3) RapidWash - assessment tools (WaterAid) 4) Researches on actual hand washing practices and use of Nudges by Thrive 5) Public Private partnership -Thrive Laos etc.

I believe there are many more learning and each one is very useful which we need to further discuss together and explore what can be done to practice some of these within the last year of project and even in other similar projects. Thank you once again to entire FM team and all those who were behind the success of this great event and look forward to see you and network with many in due course.