CS WASH Fund East Asia Regional Learning Event
The East Asia Regional Learning Event (EARLE) was an internal learning event for CSOs in the CS WASH Fund. Participants included staff and partners of CS WASH Fund projects in the region as well as professionals from the wider WASH sector on the Open Day.
The overarching theme for the EARLE was: Bridging private and public spheres for improved sanitation.
Sanitation coverage lags behind water coverage in East Asia, and this is particularly true for the poor, the vast majority of whom suffer a lack of hygienic sanitation. Governments and CSOs are working to increase demand for sanitation through approaches such as Community-Led Total Sanitation, now a national approach across many East Asian countries (for example, Indonesia and Vietnam). In Vietnam, whilst total sanitation coverage is 78%, this is made up of 94% urban and 70% rural coverage, highlighting inequity in access between urban and poorer rural communities.
Matching demand with low-cost technologies and financing options has spawned a number of subsidy and non-subsidy approaches. Sanitation marketing is being promoted in various forms as a means of encouraging the development of sustainable sanitation supply chains and increasing coverage. There is growing consensus that some level of subsidy may be required to reach the poorest, and that finding appropriate financing mechanisms to support this remains a challenge for the sector.
In Vietnam, as in other East Asian countries, public funding to sanitation is an essential aspect of financial flows to the sector and has contributed to the rapid increases in sanitation coverage in the Millennium Development Goal period. The Government of Vietnam is exploring user-pays and private investment approaches to maintain and extend sanitation. CSOs, working with government, the private sector and other partners, play an important role in augmenting and tailoring market approaches to improve service equity and inclusion and facilitate feedback mechanisms.
Within this context, the EARLE explored the roles of CSOs, relevant local government agencies and latrine suppliers in fostering market-based approaches to sanitation. It addressed how gender and social inclusion, particularly disability, fit within a market-based approach to sanitation and highlight the latest evidence relating to financing mechanisms to enable sanitation access by the poor, including Output Based Aid and smart subsidies. Whilst focused on sanitation, the event also looked at effective ways hygiene can be promoted as an essential partner to sanitation for holistic WASH outcomes.
Thematic Objectives of EARLE include:
- Strengthen understanding of the fundamental importance of sanitation supply chains and sanitation marketing to achieving the goal of 100% hygienic sanitation and to demonstrate how market-based approaches to sanitation are working towards this outcome;
- Explore the value of other/additional approaches to extending access to sanitation, especially those that target poor and disadvantaged households and achieve the expected sanitation access and health outcomes; and
- Build awareness and capacity of Change Agents and CSOs to identify appropriate (mixes of) approaches for their contexts and the regulatory and policy frameworks required to foster these approaches.
Learning Objectives of EARLE include:
- Improve the effectiveness and sustainability of WASH projects within the Fund by facilitating knowledge exchange and learning;
- Strengthen relationships between CSOs, local government and other change agents to extend specific areas for collaboration and sharing; and
- Provide a forum to build the East Asia WASH community of practice within the Fund, and learn from and share with the wider WASH sector.
The event's four-day program, facilitated byJuliet Willetts, Institute of Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney and Bronwyn Powell, CS WASH Fund Management Facility (FMF) Knowledge and Learning Manager, included an open day presentations by key dignitaries and thematic discussions, workshop sessions and CSO presentations. The following provides access to presentations given at the event.
Fantastic discussions around some serious challenges were had by participants, and these lessons and reflections have been captured in the Synthesis Report and leanring briefs: Financing sanitation and Engaging government in market-based sanitation.
Day 1: Open Day
Keynote: Market-based sanitation approaches in South-East Asia: why and how
Handout - English
Handout - Vietnamese
Prof Juliet Willetts, Institute of Sustainable Futures University of Technology Sydney (ISF UTS)
Market-based approaches to sanitation delivery and the private sector
Ms Hang Diem Nguyen, WSP World Bank
Day 2: Focus on projects
Strengthening community-based WASH governance in Kani, Myanmar
Save the Children
EMW Sanitation Vietnam
Tuyet Pham and Hanh Nguyen, East Meets West
EMW Sanitation Lao PDR
Khouankeo Ardphasouk and Ha Huong, East Meets West
EMW Sanitation Cambodia
Kim Hor, East Meets West
Cambodia: a sanitation marketing opportunity
Strengthening WASH approaches in Timor-Leste
Valentim da Costa Pinto and Edmund Weking, WaterAid Timor-Leste
Day 3: Focus on sanitation and the private sector
Possible CSO roles to support market-based approaches: thinking broad!
Juliet Willetts, ISF UTS
Monitoring & Evaluation - How we measure project's outcomes?
Toeur Veasna, iDE
Reflections of SanMark in Timor-Leste
Edmund Weking and Valentim da Costa Pinto, WaterAid
Minh Chau Nguyen, Special Advisor, East Meets West
Targeted subsidies in a sanitation marketing context
Alicia May, iDE Cambodia
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Scale-Up Project (WASH-SUP) - working effectively with the enabling environment
Nguyen Van Quang, iDE Vietnam
Support for the private sector in sanitation in Vietnam, Cambodia and Lao PDR
Georgia Davis, East Meets West
Engaging Government on sanitation marketing activities in NTT, Indonesia
Fabianus Ndapa, WASH Project Manager, Plan Indonesia
Day 4: Thematic sessions
Gender equality and social inclusion
John Kelleher and Lee Leong, Plan International
Piloting menstrual hygiene management in School WASH in rural Timor-Leste
Behaviour Change Communication
Geoffrey Weyinda, Save the Children Myanmar
Effecitive communication for maximum impact: how do CSOs learn
Bronwyn Powell, CS WASH Fund Management Facility
Giving customers a voice in rural water supply - application of the Citizen Score Card in nine provinces in Vietnam
East Meets West
Human Centered Design in WASH
Alicia May, iDE Cambodia
 WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (2015) A Snapshot of Drinking Water and Sanitation in the South-east Asia region.
|Organisation Civil Society WASH Fund||Duration 12/07 - 15/07||Location Hanoi, Vietnam||Type||Link||Topic Sanitation Management|