CS WASH Fund East Asia Regional Learning Event

The East Asia Regional Learning Event (EARLE) was an internal learning event for CSOs in the CS WASH Fund. Participants included staff and partners of CS WASH Fund projects in the region as well as professionals from the wider WASH sector on the Open Day. 

The overarching theme for the EARLE was:  Bridging private and public spheres for improved sanitation.

Sanitation coverage lags behind water coverage in East Asia, and this is particularly true for the poor, the vast majority of whom suffer a lack of hygienic sanitation. Governments and CSOs are working to increase demand for sanitation through approaches such as Community-Led Total Sanitation, now a national approach across many East Asian countries (for example, Indonesia and Vietnam). In Vietnam, whilst total sanitation coverage is 78%, this is made up of 94% urban and 70% rural coverage, highlighting inequity in access between urban and poorer rural communities.[1]

Watch an interview by NetVietTV with Associate Professor Juliette Willetts and CS WASH Fund Knowledge and Learning Manager Bronwyn Powell on WASH in Vietnam and the Fund's projects in the country.

Matching demand with low-cost technologies and financing options has spawned a number of subsidy and non-subsidy approaches. Sanitation marketing is being promoted in various forms as a means of encouraging the development of sustainable sanitation supply chains and increasing coverage. There is growing consensus that some level of subsidy may be required to reach the poorest, and that finding appropriate financing mechanisms to support this remains a challenge for the sector.

In Vietnam, as in other East Asian countries, public funding to sanitation is an essential aspect of financial flows to the sector and has contributed to the rapid increases in sanitation coverage in the Millennium Development Goal period. The Government of Vietnam is exploring user-pays and private investment approaches to maintain and extend sanitation. CSOs, working with government, the private sector and other partners, play an important role in augmenting and tailoring market approaches to improve service equity and inclusion and facilitate feedback mechanisms.

Within this context, the EARLE explored the roles of CSOs, relevant local government agencies and latrine suppliers in fostering market-based approaches to sanitation. It addressed how gender and social inclusion, particularly disability, fit within a market-based approach to sanitation and highlight the latest evidence relating to financing mechanisms to enable sanitation access by the poor, including Output Based Aid and smart subsidies. Whilst focused on sanitation, the event also looked at effective ways hygiene can be promoted as an essential partner to sanitation for holistic WASH outcomes.

Thematic Objectives of EARLE include:

  1. Strengthen understanding of the fundamental importance of sanitation supply chains and sanitation marketing to achieving the goal of 100% hygienic sanitation and to demonstrate how  market-based approaches to sanitation are working towards this outcome;
  2. Explore the value of other/additional approaches to extending access to sanitation, especially those that target poor and disadvantaged households and achieve the expected sanitation access and health outcomes; and
  3. Build awareness and capacity of Change Agents and CSOs to identify appropriate (mixes of) approaches for their contexts and the regulatory and policy frameworks required to foster these approaches.

Learning Objectives of EARLE include:

  1. Improve the effectiveness and sustainability of WASH projects within the Fund by facilitating knowledge exchange and learning;
  2. Strengthen relationships between CSOs, local government and other change agents to extend specific areas for collaboration and sharing; and
  3. Provide a forum to build the East Asia WASH community of practice within the Fund, and learn from and share with the wider WASH sector.

The event's four-day program, facilitated byJuliet Willetts, Institute of Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney and Bronwyn Powell, CS WASH Fund Management Facility (FMF) Knowledge and Learning Manager, included an open day presentations by key dignitaries and thematic discussions, workshop sessions and CSO presentations. The following provides access to presentations given at the event. 

Fantastic discussions around some serious challenges were had by participants, and these lessons and reflections have been captured in the Synthesis Report and leanring briefs: Financing sanitation and Engaging government in market-based sanitation.

Program 

4 day program

Open day program

Presentations 

Day 1: Open Day 

Keynote: Market-based sanitation approaches in South-East Asia: why and how
English
Vietnamese
Handout - English
Handout - Vietnamese
Prof Juliet Willetts, Institute of Sustainable Futures University of Technology Sydney (ISF UTS)

Current status of water in Vietnam  
English
Vietnamese
Mr Le Thieu Son, Director, National Center for rural water supply and sanitation (NCERWASS), MInistry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)

Current status of sanitation in Vietnam
English
Vietnamese
Ms Huong Lien Nguyen, Vietnam Health Environment Management Agency (VIHEMA) of the Ministry of Health (MoH)

Introduction to the learning event program and objects
English
Vietnamese
Bronwyn Powell, Knowledge and Learning Manager, CS WASH Fund Management Facility

Market-based approaches to sanitation delivery and the private sector
English
Ms Hang Diem Nguyen, WSP World Bank

Study to measure impact of Output Based Aid and sanitation marketing on sanitation adoption in Cambodia
English
Vietnamese
Nguyen Hong Hanh, Thrive Networks

Australian Aid support to WASH and the Civil Society WASH Fund
English
Vietnamese
Robyne Leven, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene section, Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Communities of Practice and Innovation for CSO and WASH sector learning
English
Vietnamese
Bronwyn Powell, CS WASH Fund Management Facility

CS WASH Fund progress and trends
English
Vietnamese
Dr Paul Crawford, Monitoring and Evaluation Review Panel (MERP)

Day 2: Focus on projects

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Scale-Up project (WASH-SUP) - Vietnam
English
Vietnamese
Ms Bui Ai Trang and Mr Nguyen Dong, iDE

Community and school water, sanitation and hygiene promotion project (CS-WASHPro) 
English
Vietnamese
Nguyen Quy Hoa and Vu Thuy Anh, Plan Vietnam

Strengthening community-based WASH governance in Kani, Myanmar
English
Save the Children

Community-based Total Sanitation (STBM) scaling up in Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) Province
English
Bahasa Indonesian
Syaechu Aziz, Government of Ende, Plan Indonesia 

EMW Sanitation Vietnam
English
Tuyet Pham and Hanh Nguyen, East Meets West

EMW Sanitation Lao PDR
English
Khouankeo Ardphasouk and Ha Huong, East Meets West

EMW Sanitation Cambodia
English
Kim Hor, East Meets West

Cambodia: a sanitation marketing opportunity
English
iDE

Strengthening WASH approaches in Timor-Leste
English
Valentim da Costa Pinto and Edmund Weking, WaterAid Timor-Leste

Strategy Mapping
English
Vietnamese
Paul Tyndale Biscoe, Monitoring, Evaluation and Review Panel

Day 3: Focus on sanitation and the private sector

Possible CSO roles to support market-based approaches: thinking broad!
English
Juliet Willetts, ISF UTS

Monitoring & Evaluation - How we measure project's outcomes?
English
Toeur Veasna, iDE

Reflections of SanMark in Timor-Leste
English
Edmund Weking and Valentim da Costa Pinto, WaterAid

Approach to reduce costs and get people involved in making HH toilets
English
Vietnamese
Nguyen Quy Hoa and Vu Thuy Anh, Plan Vietnam

Output-based Aid
English
Minh Chau Nguyen, Special Advisor, East Meets West

Engaging Koperasi (cooperative) with sanitation marketing in NTT, Indonesia
English
Bahasa Indonesian
Herie Ferdian, WASH Specialist, Plan Indonesia

Targeted subsidies in a sanitation marketing context
English
Alicia May, iDE Cambodia

Promotion of sanitation enabling environment in VIetnam
English
Vietnamese
Nguyen Quy Hoa and Vu Thuy Anh, Plan Vietnam

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Scale-Up Project (WASH-SUP) - working effectively with the enabling environment
English
Nguyen Van Quang, iDE Vietnam

Support for the private sector in sanitation in Vietnam, Cambodia and Lao PDR
English
Georgia Davis, East Meets West

Engaging Government on sanitation marketing activities in NTT, Indonesia
English
Fabianus Ndapa, WASH Project Manager, Plan Indonesia

Day 4: Thematic sessions

Gender equality and social inclusion
English
John Kelleher and Lee Leong, Plan International

Piloting menstrual hygiene management in School WASH in rural Timor-Leste
English
WaterAid

Behaviour Change Communication
English
Geoffrey Weyinda, Save the Children Myanmar

Effecitive communication for maximum impact: how do CSOs learn
English
Bronwyn Powell, CS WASH Fund Management Facility

Giving customers a voice in rural water supply - application of the Citizen Score Card in nine provinces in Vietnam
English
East Meets West

Human Centered Design in WASH
English
Alicia May, iDE Cambodia

[1] WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (2015) A Snapshot of Drinking Water and Sanitation in the South-east Asia region. 

Organisation Duration Location Type Link Topic
Organisation Civil Society WASH Fund Duration 12/07 - 15/07 Location Hanoi, Vietnam Type Link Topic Sanitation Management

Comments

Anonymous's picture
I would like to receive the announcement of an ‘open day’ for participation by the broader community so we can check the registration for PSI Vietnam representatives
Bronwyn Powell's picture
Hi Le Thi Huong Lan. Thank you for making contact. Can you please email cswashfundonline@thepalladiumgroup.com so that we can liaise regarding PSI Vietnam participation during the Open Day? Thank you
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